Facts & Figures

Resarcher inspecting plants in a greenhouse of the research centre Jülich
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Biotechnology has become the basis and driving factor behind many applications in medicine, the food and feed industry and chemical industry.

Science and research in Germany are characterised by an excellent infrastructure, a wide variety of disciplines, well-equipped research facilities and competent staff.
Germany offers various forms of research locations: universities, non-university institutes, companies and institutions run by federal or state (Länder) authorities.
All in all, there are nearly 1,000 public and publicly funded institutions of science, research and development in Germany. They are joined by a large number of research and development (R&D) centres run by companies.

In selected fields or regions, these industrial and academic institutions pool their research and development activities in networks and clusters to work more efficiently and benefit from a higher level of knowledge in order to foster technology transfer and innovation. Furthermore, cooperation at European as well as international level has become an essential dimension of science and research in Germany.

Key Facts

  • Almost 1,000 public and publicly funded institutions for science, research and development, approx. 450 research and innovation networks and clusters

  • 604,000 staff in R&D including over 350,000 R&D researchers

  • German higher education institutions maintain over 34,000 international collaborative partnerships with roughly 5,400 universities and research institutions in more than 150 countries.

  • Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD): 84.5 billion euros (2014)

Research Budget

In 2014 the gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD) was over 84 billion euros with more than two thirds of this total spent by industry. Higher education institutions account for 18% of this spending and publicly funded non-university research institutions, for example the Helmholtz Centres or the institutes of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, invest 15% of the R&D total.

Statistics and Reports

Official Statistical Data

Official Statistical Data

In Germany, the Federal Statistical Office is responsible for compiling official statistical data, which it makes available to the public on its destatis website. Here you will find facts and figures about the economy, society and government, as well as access to more detailed databases and (online) publications. www.destatis.de > Facts & Figures Official Statistical Data

Federal Report on Research and Innovation 2016

Federal Report on Research and Innovation 2016

The four-volume Federal Report on Research and Innovation 2016 provides comprehensive information about the research and innovation policy of the federal and state governments. The main volume and three supplementary volumes (in German) can be downloaded from its own website. www.bundesbericht-forschung-innovation.de (in German) Federal Report on Research and Innovation 2016

Data on the International Nature of Higher Education and Teaching

Data on the International Nature of Higher Education and Teaching

Important information about the international nature of higher education and teaching in Germany is provided by the website Wissenschaft weltoffen. This includes statistical data about the international mobility of researchers and international students in Germany and German students abroad. www.wissenschaftweltoffen.de Data on the International Nature of Higher Education and Teaching

Education and Research in Figures

Education and Research in Figures

Education and Research in Figures is an annual brochure that provides an overview of education and research policy in Germany. In addition to concrete information on different fields of education and research, the brochure also includes details of expenditure by federal and state governments, as well as an international comparison of Germany’s position. www.datenportal.bmbf.de > Publications > Education and Research in Figures 2016 Education and Research in Figures

National Report on Junior Scholars

National Report on Junior Scholars

´The National Report on Junior Scholars publishes important statistical data and research findings on the academic qualification of PhD students and postdoctoral researchers in Germany. It also examines the professional prospects of holders of doctorates. www.buwin.de > Overview of Key Results BuWIN 2013, (PDF 3,7 MB) National Report on Junior Scholars