Number of the Month: 79.9 billion euros

Boehringer Ingelheim Lab

What would you think business and academia in Germany spent 79.9 billion euros on in 2013? The answer is: research and development (R&D). Such commitment makes Germany a world leader in R&D expenditure.

Who invested in research?

According to the Federal Statistical Office, the breakdown of investments made by business, universities and non-university research institutions is as follows: 

  • German business:
    The largest share (67.1%) of total investment came from German business.
  • Universities:
    Universities provided 18.1% of the expenditure.
  • Non-university research institutions:
    R&D investments made by non-university research institutions increased significantly. In 2013, they spent around 11.9 billion euros (14.8%) on R&D, which is 4.6% more than in the previous year.

Which disciplines received funding?

The calculations of the Federal Statistical Office likewise showed that the investments made by non-university research institutions differed according to the various disciplines:

  • Natural sciences:
    At 5.7 billion euros, almost half (48.4%) of the total investment was made in the natural sciences.
  • Engineering sciences: 
    At 3.1 billion euros, a good quarter (25.9%) was spent on the engineering sciences.
  • Humanities and social sciences:
    A further 1.4 billion euros (12.1%) was invested in the humanities and social sciences.
  • Human medicine:
    1 billion euros (8.8%) went into human medicine.
  • Agricultural science research:
    Agricultural science research received 0.6 billion euros (4.7%).

More information

Federal Statistical Office: