Research Rankings

German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)
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German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)

Competition is a key element in science and research, both for researchers and for research institutions. Recent years have seen competition in Europe take on new forms and a new quality – in Germany this has occurred especially in connection with the establishment of the European Research Area and the so-called Excellence Initiative, as well as its successor, the Excellence Strategy. This is why rankings have experienced a boom in Germany in recent years.   More and more attempts have been undertaken to rank excellence on the basis of new criteria and methodologies. Within the world of research, however, there has also been severe criticism of both the methodology and practical use of rankings.

Methodological criticism focuses, for example, on the quality and weighting of indicators or the overemphasis of research to the disadvantage of teaching. In terms of practical use, the allocation of institutional funding on the basis of such indicators has been criticised. These criticisms, in turn, have given rise to new approaches to performance evaluation, such as the European ranking system U-Multirank, which represents a new multidimensional approach to the international ranking of higher education institutions.

Below you will find a selection of important German and international university rankings.

German Rankings

Humboldt Rankings

Humboldt Rankings

The Humboldt Rankings evaluate how attractive Germany’s higher education institutions and non-university research institutions are for top-flight international researchers based on data collected by the Humboldt Foundation. Every year, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation enables more than 2,200 researchers from all over the world to conduct research in Germany. Its research fellowships and research prizes are awarded exclusively to the best scientists and researchers worldwide. These awards allow them to complete a research stay at an academic or research institution of their choice. This choice serves as a kind of quality seal for universities and non-university research institutions selected by international researchers. www.humboldt-foundation.de > Humboldt Ranking 2014 Humboldt Rankings

CHE University Ranking

CHE University Ranking

The CHE University Ranking offers school leavers and students intending to transfer to another institution help in finding the right university or college. The ranking analyses information on approx. 40 subjects at over 300 German universities and colleges, taking into account data on courses, teaching, facilities and research. This is complemented by over 150,000 students’ evaluations of the study conditions at their universities as well as 9,000 professors’ evaluations of the reputation of departments in a number of specific subjects. The CHE University Ranking is thus the most comprehensive and most detailed ranking of German universities and universities of applied sciences. The results are published by the German weekly newspaper “Die Zeit” and are accessible free-of-charge on the Internet. Registration is required to use the ranking. www.che-ranking.de > CHE University Ranking 2016/17 (in German) CHE University Ranking

Federal Statistical Office Data on Third-Party Funding

Federal Statistical Office Data on Third-Party Funding

The Federal Statistical Office (destatis) publishes third-party funding statistics that rank German universities (without medical institutions) with the highest levels of funding from external partners per professor. Technological universities are especially successful at attracting third-party funding. They take 9 out of the 10 top places. In 2014, professors at German universities obtained average third-party funding of over 256,000 euros. The average third-party funding per professor across all kinds of higher education institutions was approx. 175,000 euros. The Federal Statistical Office is an independent federal agency that is under the jurisdiction of the Federal Ministry of the Interior. Destatis is the leading provider of official statistical information in Germany. www.destatis.de > Third-party Funding Statistics (in German) Federal Statistical Office Data on Third-Party Funding

DFG Funding Atlas

DFG Funding Atlas

The DFG (German Research Foundation) Funding Atlas, publishes key data on publicly funded research in Germany in order to present an overall picture of the research landscape and its financial support – and, in particular, the contribution of the numerous research funding agencies in Germany. The statistical material in the English edition has been selected specifically to highlight international aspects of research and related funding. It thereby addresses an audience involved in international research management wishing to obtain specific information on “centres of research” in Germany. www.dfg.de > fundingatlas DFG Funding Atlas

International Rankings

Academic Ranking of World Universities

Academic Ranking of World Universities

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) – also known as the Shanghai Ranking – is a global higher education league table that emphasises research performance. It is updated annually and is published by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. The performance of international higher education institutions is evaluated on the basis of criteria such as the number of alumni and current staff that have won Nobel Prizes or other major research awards, the number of frequently cited researchers, the number of articles published and indexed as well as per capita academic performance in relation to the size of the institution. ARWU lists over 1,200 universities. The best 500 are published in a ranking available online. www.shanghairanking.com > Rankings > ARWU > 2016 Academic Ranking of World Universities

QS World University Rankings

QS World University Rankings

The QS (Quacquarelli Symonds) World University Rankings are primarily aimed at students, but due to their popularity they are also an often-used source of information for policymakers and other stakeholders in higher education. These rankings are not only strongly based on an institution’s reputation among academics and employers, but also take into account bibliometric indicators, student-staff ratios as well as multiple indicators to measure internationalisation and teaching quality. This comparison offers a league table of the 400 top universities, and displays the next 400 universities in ranking groups. www.topuniversities.com >Rankings > QS World University Rankings QS World University Rankings

Times Higher Education World University Rankings

Times Higher Education World University Rankings

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings (THEWUR) seek to identify the world’s best universities. In partnership with Elsevier, THEWUR gathers information in a total of five different categories: research (30% weight), citations (30%), teaching (30%), international outlook (7.5%) and industry income (2.5%). As a result, the internationalisation of higher education plays an important role in the evaluation of the universities. Rankings of the world’s 400 best universities are provided in six different subject areas. www.timeshighereducation.com > Rankings > THE World University Rankings 2016–2017 Times Higher Education World University Rankings

U-Multirank

U-Multirank

U-Multirank is the largest international global ranking of higher education institutions. The ranking was initiated and is currently supported by the European Commission. Launched in 2014, U-Multirank is a unique, multi-dimensional, user-friendly tool for making international comparisons of higher education institutions. It does not only help students to compare universities on a like-with-like basis. U-Multirank 2016/17 includes information on over 1,300 higher education institutions from more than 90 countries and draws on the views of 105,000 students who completed the student survey. It provides data on five areas: teaching and learning, research, knowledge transfer, international orientation and regional engagement. The ranking aspires to be modern and customisable, not providing a pre-built league table but rather a completely user-driven comparison. U-Multirank offers multiple indicators for several dimensions that can be selected and weighted according to individual preference. www.umultirank.org U-Multirank

Best Global Universities

Best Global Universities

A new global ranking was launched by the US news magazine “US News & World Report” at the end of 2014. This ranking aims to enable students to compare higher education institutions all over the world. It focuses on academic research (publications and citations) and institutions’ reputation. The Best Global Universities rankings also provide insight into the global standing of US universities, which are ranked separately. The ranking lists the 750 best universities from nearly 60 countries. The list can be searched by region, country, city, subject or using the name of a specific institution. In addition it offers regional rankings for Africa, the Arab Region, Asia, Australia, Europe and Latin America. The data is compiled and analysed by Thomson Reuters InCites. www.usnews.com > Education > 2016 Best Global Universities Best Global Universities

CWTS Leiden Ranking

CWTS Leiden Ranking

The Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) at Leiden University in the Netherlands, one of Europe’s leading international research universities, is responsible for the CWTS Leiden Ranking. Published annually, the comparison ranks over 800 major universities from more than 50 countries according to their scientific performance. The results are based on a set of bibliometric indicators that provides statistics on universities’ scientific impact and their involvement in research collaboration. In addition to the traditional list view, where universities are presented in a list based on a selected indicator, the Leiden Ranking 2016 offers two new perspectives. The chart view presents universities in a scatter plot, enabling two selected indicators to be compared. The map view presents universities in an interactive geographical map. The CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016 is based on bibliographic data from the Thomson Reuters Web of Science database for the years 2011 to 2014. www.leidenranking.com > Ranking CWTS Leiden Ranking