You need the right instruments if you want to accomplish great things. Especially when it comes to basic research and the pursuit of long-term scientific goals, research facilities are required that call for major investment and considerable effort. Because of their often unique application potential, these large research infrastructures are usually used in a cross-departmental, interdisciplinary and international way.
They enable us to look into the most distant galaxies and analyse the smallest particles of matter. They open up new worlds and help to take science forward.
Germany is home to several of these research infrastructures (RIs) of global significance.
What are research infrastructures?
Research infrastructures are major instruments, resources or service facilities for research in all disciplines that stand out because they are of at least national significance and have a long life – as a rule, more than ten years. Access to them is fundamentally open, and their use is arranged on the basis of research quality standards.
The costs of their development and construction are so high that they require substantial national public funds and therefore justify an extensive national decision-making process. They include, for example, marine and polar research vessels, globally organised climate research infrastructures, life sciences networks and platforms for social sciences, humanities and cultural studies specialists.
Research infrastructures roadmap
Which research infrastructures will be required in the coming years and decades? Which are meaningful? Which are urgently needed?
A national roadmap process was launched in 2015 to decide on future research infrastructures. Education and research institutions can contribute their ideas on new complex research infrastructures.
On the basis of scientific and economic criteria, independent experts determine which new research infrastructures should be included in the roadmap and receive funding. The selected projects will be listed in a current national research infrastructures roadmap.
The roadmap is also intended to facilitate policy decisions on which European and international research infrastructure projects Germany should participate in.
Research activities are conducted in a wide range of disciplines, such as
- Materials science
- Biochemistry and medicine
- Energy technology and physics
- Social sciences, humanities and cultural studies
The Federal Government provides the majority of funding for large-scale equipment in basic research with an annual budget of over 1.2 billion euros (2016). Research infrastructures are also developed in international collaborative partnerships. International partners contribute to the funding of such infrastructures.
Important research infrastructures
Germany has a large number of large-scale research facilities that are of regional or even global importance. These research infrastructures include accelerators, probes, telescopes, research ships and supercomputers that are also available to researchers from all over the world.
Wendelstein 7-X (see photograph) is one of these research infrastructures. The nuclear fusion plant is the largest and most modern of its type in the world. It is intended to test whether the fusion of light atomic nuclei can be used as a new energy source for humankind. The facility is located in Greifswald, where it is run by the Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics (IPP).
Additional significant research infrastructures include the facilities outlined below: Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), German Climate Computing Centre (DKRZ), Polarstern and FLASH, the free-electron laser in Hamburg.
You can find an overview of important scientific research infrastructures here: www.fis-landschaft.de (in German)
Germany also contributes to the funding of joint international research infrastructures, such as the European Space Agency (ESA), Paris, France; the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Garching, Germany; and the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. Germany provides over 20% of CERN’s budget, making it the largest contributor of funds for this most renowned centre of fundamental physics.