Research Infrastructures

German antarctic research station Neumayer-Station 3
The Neumayer-Station III is a German research station in the Antarctic operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI).

Germany is home to several research infrastructures (RIs) of global significance.

What Are Research Infrastructures?

Research infrastructures are major instruments, resources or service facilities for research in all disciplines that stand out because they are of at least national significance and have a long life – as a rule, more than ten years. Access to them is fundamentally open, and their use is arranged on the basis of research quality standards. The costs of their development and construction are so high that they require substantial national public funds and therefore justify an extensive national decision-making process.

They include, for example, marine and polar research vessels, globally organised climate research infrastructures, life sciences networks and platforms for social sciences, humanities and cultural studies specialists.

Research Infrastructures Roadmap

Which research infrastructures will be required in the coming years and decades? Which are meaningful? Which are urgently needed?

A national roadmap process was launched in 2015 to decide on future research infrastructures. Education and research institutions can contribute their ideas on new complex research infrastructures.

On the basis of scientific and economic criteria, independent experts determine which new research infrastructures should be included in the roadmap and receive funding. The selected projects will be listed in a current national research infrastructures roadmap in 2018.

The roadmap is also intended to facilitate policy decisions on which European and international research infrastructure projects Germany should participate in.

Research Activities

Research activities are conducted in a wide range of disciplines, such as

  • Materials science
  • Biology
  • Biochemistry and medicine
  • Energy technology and physics

Research Budget

The Federal Government provides the majority of funding for large-scale equipment in basic research with an annual budget of almost 1.0 billion euros (2014). Research are also developed in international collaborative partnerships. International partners contribute to the funding of such infrastructures.

Important Research Infrastructures

Significant research infrastructures include the facilities outlined below: Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), German Climate Computing Centre (DKRZ), Polarstern and FLASH, the free-electron laser in Hamburg.

Germany also contributes to the funding of joint international research infrastructures, such as the European Space Agency (ESA), Paris, France; the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Garching, Germany; and the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. Germany provides more than 20% of CERN’s budget , making it the largest contributor of funds for this most renowned centre of fundamental physics.

DESY - Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

DESY - Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

Founded in 1959, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) is an internationally renowned centre of fundamental research and one of the world’s leading institutions investigating the structure of matter. DESY is a member of the Helmholtz Association and is supported by public funds. More DESY - Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

DKRZ - German Climate Computing Centre

DKRZ - German Climate Computing Centre

The German Climate Computing Centre (DKRZ) provides high-performance computing services tailored to climate research. Its mission is to install and operate a high-performance computer system for basic and applied research in earth system sciences and to provide the associated services such as optimisation, parallelisation, data management and data visualisation. More DKRZ - German Climate Computing Centre

Research Vessel Polarstern

Research Vessel Polarstern

The research vessel Polarstern was first commissioned in 1982. Since then it has completed more than 250 expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic. Specially designed for working in polar seas, Polarstern is currently one of the most sophisticated polar research and supply vessels in the world. More Research Vessel Polarstern

FLASH – Free-Electron Laser in Hamburg

FLASH – Free-Electron Laser in Hamburg

FLASH at DESY in Hamburg was the first laser worldwide in the ultraviolet and soft X-ray range. Starting as a user facility in 2005, it was recently enhanced with a second light generating beamline. As the first FEL serving two beamlines at the same time, it has thus retained its globally unique status. More FLASH – Free-Electron Laser in Hamburg