General Facts

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The Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) has nine direct neighbours: Denmark to the north, the Netherlands and Belgium to the northwest, France and Luxembourg to the west, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and the Czech Republic and Poland to the east.

The Federal Republic of Germany was founded in 1949 as a parliamentary democracy. Its constitution guarantees each and every citizen the freedom of faith, conscience and religious or ideological belief, as well as equality before the law. Some 82 million people live in Germany, including seven million people from countries around the world. German is the official language, with dialects as varied as the regions and landscapes. Additionally, many other languages can be heard in multicultural Germany.

Capital city and federal states

Berlin is the country's capital city and seat of government. As a federal republic, Germany is divided into 16 federal states. Each state is responsible for setting its own policies and laws in specific fields, such as education and culture. However, the Federal Government is responsible for areas like foreign affairs, defence, the interior, justice, finance, etc.

The 16 federal states are: Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia.

Economy

Economy

Germany has the largest economy in Europe and the third largest in the world. German companies exported goods worth around 970 billion euros in 2007, making it the world's largest exporter for the fifth year running. More Economy

German News Service

German News Service

The German News Service is a free news wire from Deutsche Welle and Deutsche Presse-Agentur for everyone who is interested in German issues. www.german-news-service.com German News Service

Find out more about Germany...

Find out more about Germany...

This website offers all sorts of up-to-date and reliable information about modern life in Germany - be it business, culture, or politics. www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.de Find out more about Germany...

Experience Germany!

Experience Germany!

The Deutschland Portal delivers information on a wide range of topics, such as education, health, culture and the media. Please feel free to “Experience Germany” by exploring the interactive map. www.deutschland.de Experience Germany!

Features of the German health insurance system

Features of the German health insurance system

The organisation of the German health insurance system is characterised by the dual system of public health insurance (GKV) and private health insurance (PKV). www.1averbraucherportal.de Features of the German health insurance system